Variety of cards and technologies facilitate accustomed bound crossings but will they will be accustomed if and back the PASS Agenda arrives?
By Andy Williams, Contributing Editor
The board is still out on whether the added bound bridge cards currently in use will serve as a acting for the proposed PASS Card. The barrage is currently allowable for Jan. 1, 2008, admitting awaiting legislation could adjournment this start. The Department of State is reportedly analytical absolute bound accreditation to see if they would accommodated the requirements of the Western Hemisphere Travel Initiative.
Here are the four bound bridge cards currently in use:
Secure Electronic Network for Travelers Rapid Analysis (SENTRI)This Mexican bound card, aboriginal implemented at Otay Mesa, Calif. in 1995, is advised for what U.S. Community and Bound Protection (CBP) calls “pre-approved, low-risk travelers.” Because they can beforehand a committed lane, participants accept a beneath adjournment time alike at the busiest time of day, according to CBP. That’s because analytical advice appropriate in the analysis action has already been provided in advance. This additionally saves about 30 abnormal on analysis time. Applicants allegation voluntarily abide a accomplishments analysis adjoin criminal, law enforcement, customs, immigration, and agitator indices. They’re additionally fingerprinted and alone interviewed by a CBP officer.
Approved applicants are issued an RFID agenda that will analyze their almanac and cachet in the CBP database aloft accession at the U.S. anchorage of entry. All abstracts is stored in the CBP database, not on the card, and is not transmitted via RFID. In the past, an RFID transponder was additionally added to the applicant’s agent to accordance SENTRI users admission to committed lanes at bound checkpoints. The transponder is now actuality replaced with an RFID-equipped characterization that is adhered to the vehicle’s windshield. Back an accustomed all-embracing adventurer approaches the bound in the SENTRI lane, the arrangement automatically identifies the agent and the character of the occupants of the vehicle.
The appellant allegation accommodate originals and copies of affirmation of citizenship, such as a bearing affidavit or passport; a accurate authorization or visa; affidavit of U.S. residency; a disciplinarian license; accustomed agent registration; and affirmation of appliance or banking support.
If DHS and State authority to their aboriginal plan to allegation beneath than bisected the amount of a $97 authorization for the PASS card, it will be a arrangement compared to SENTRI’s $129. However, the capital SENTRI account is acceleration of entry.
This card, nicknamed the “laser visa,” is a laminated, acclaim card-style, machine-readable certificate with several aegis features, including biometrics and optical storage. Accurate for 10 years, the agenda enables Mexican citizens to access the U.S. and is advised both a bound bridge agenda and a visitor’s visa. Most Mexican visitors to the U.S., whether traveling to the bound arena or beyond, accept a laser visa. If advancing from alfresco the Western Hemisphere, a authorization is required.
This agenda is a collective accomplishment of the Department of State and the Citizenship and Clearing Services in the Department of Homeland Aegis to accede with the Illegal Clearing Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 (IIRIRA), which requires that every bound bridge agenda issued afterwards April 1, 1998 accommodate a biometric identifier such as fingerprint, and be machine-readable.
Laser acceptance applicants allegation authenticate that they accept ties to Mexico that would bulldoze them to acknowledgment afterwards a acting break in the U.S. United States consular admiral attending for affirmation of able family, business, or amusing ties.
The acceptance appliance fee is $100. Children beneath 15 pay $13 but the adolescent allegation accept at atomic one ancestor who holds a laser acceptance or who is applying for a bound bridge card.
Free And Secure Trade (FAST) program
FAST is a bound accordance action amid the U.S., Mexico and Canada and is advised to acceleration up bartering carrier shipments into and out of the three countries. It offers expedited approval to carriers and importers enrolled in Community Trade Partnership Adjoin Terrorism (C-TPAT). In developing FAST, the three agreed to alike bartering shipments approval at the borders.
FAST streamlines and integrates the allotment processes for drivers, carriers, and importers; minimizes paperwork and ensures alone low accident participants are enrolled as members.
The action reduces community advice requirements and provides committed lanes at above bound crossings. In addition, FAST participants don’t accept to abide burden inspections as frequently as those not accommodating in FAST.
Applicants articular as low accident are interviewed, accept their aboriginal identification and citizenship abstracts reviewed, fingerprinted and are digitally photographed. They are again issued an RFID-enabled FAST-Commercial Disciplinarian Identification Card.
FAST accord requirements forth the arctic and southern borders are agnate with accessory exceptions. For the arctic border, the driver, carrier, and importer allegation all participate in the FAST/C-TPAT programs in adjustment to be acceptable for FAST processing. On the southern bound there are two added requirements; 1) The architect allegation be an accustomed C-TPAT participant, and 2) it allegation additionally attach to CBP aerial aegis allowance requirements.
NEXUS, a collective community and clearing affairs amid Canada and the U.S. for pre-approved low-risk travelers, is an another analysis affairs that allows pre-screened travelers to be candy with little or no adjournment by United States and Canadian bound officials. Accustomed applicants are issued a photo-identification/proximity card. Participants cantankerous the bound in a committed lane area they present their NEXUS agenda and accomplish a declaration. They are again released, unless called for a accidental inspection.
Individuals can authorize to participate in NEXUS if they are a aborigine or abiding aborigine of the U.S. or Canada, or if they are a aborigine of a country added than Canada or the U.S. who affairs to briefly abide in either country for the appellation of their NEXUS associates and who canyon an Interpol bent history check.
Applicants charge to complete alone a distinct appliance form. Qualified applicants are appropriate to appear to a NEXUS Enrollment Center alone once, for an account and arising of a photo-identification card. All applications for a five-year associates are beatific to a Canadian Community Processing Center forth with the $50 U.S. or $80 Canadian payment. Both the United States and Canada allegation accept an individual’s application.
NEXUS Air Pilot Project
The bound NEXUS Air is a pilot activity of the Canada Bound Services Agency (CBSA), and U.S. Community and Bound Protection that facilitates quick admission into Canada and the U.S. for pre-approved, low-risk air travelers. The pilot, that is testing the activity of iris scans, was aboriginal implemented at the Vancouver All-embracing Airport in British Columbia in backward 2004.
NEXUS Air allows the adventurer to ablaze community and clearing by artlessly attractive into a camera that recognizes the iris as affidavit of identity. The iris angel is captured with a agenda black-and-white camera after ablaze lights or lasers.
Members accept an identification agenda and use the self-serve kiosks at the Vancouver airport area their iris angel is verified. Associates can again access Canada or the United States after added alternation with community and clearing admiral unless about called for inspection. NEXUS Air is allotment of Canada’s CANPASS Air’s iris acceptance program, which has been implemented at several added Canadian airports.
Individuals can authorize to participate in NEXUS Air if they are a aborigine or abiding aborigine of the U.S. or Canada, or addition who can authenticate a charge to participate in the NEXUS Air program. Both the U.S. and Canada allegation accept an individual’s application. The fee for a one-year associates in NEXUS Air is $50 US or $80 Canadian.
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